How to wind/load torsion springs - DIY Instruction
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How to wind
garage door torsion springs
step by step instructions

Winding your springs is the the process of causing them to store energy. This energy should be respected as it can lead to injury and worse. Take your time.


Pages in series

  1. Removing torsion springs
  2. Measuring torsion springs
  3. Mounting new torsion springs
  4. Setting the cables and cable drums
  5. Loading torsion springs
  6. Balancing your garage door

5. How to wind (load) garage door torsion springs

STEP ONE: Paint a line down the length of your new spring if it did not come with one.
NOTE: The line is used to help keep count of the winds, as you apply them, by wrapping around the spring. Some manufacturers paint the springs size onto the spring such as depicted below.

spring line

STEP ONE: To begin loading (winding) your spring insert a winding-bar into the lower winding-cone hole on the spring. Make sure you insert it all the way in until you hear it hit the bottom of the hole and then hold firmly in place.
NOTE: Position your ladder off to one side so that you're not directly in the path of the winding-bars.

insert winding barstand outside of the path of the winding bars

STEP TWO: Lift the winding-bar upward until you are able to insert another winding-bar into the lower hole of the springs winding-cone. Once inserted and firmly in place remove the upper winding-bar.
NOTE: Hold onto both winding bars until there is enough tension to safely rest the lower winding bar onto the door without slipping out of the winding-cone hole.

lift winding-bar upwardremove upper winding-bar

STEP THREE: Repeat the above process of lifting the lower winding-bar upward and inserting the other winding-bar into the lower winding-cone hole. Once the spring tension is built up, allow the lower winding-bar to rest onto the door then remove the upper winding-bar.
NOTE: Make sure you always have a firm grip on your winding-bars and that you fully insert them into the winding-cone holes. Be careful and take your time.

STEP FOUR: After several winds look at the line on your spring. How many times is it looped around the spring now? If your garage door is 7 feet high you will need to see at least 7 loops on your spring(s) in order to be completly wound. If your garage door is 8' high then you'll need to see 8 loops. Count the end loops as halves.
NOTE: The general rule for light residential garage doors is one wind (loop) per foot. If you over-wind the spring the door will spring up. If you under-wind the spring it will be heavy.

count your winds

STEP FIVE: Once you have the correct number of winds tighten the set-screws on the spring-winding-cone and repeat the process with the other spring if there is one.
NOTE: If the door wants to spring up off the ground by itself; do not remove the vice-grips from the torsion-tube. Your spring(s) are likely overwound and you will need to reduce the number of winds.

NEXT "Balancing your garage door"


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